Parnham & Associates offers multi-lingual staff: we speak English, French and Spanish.


Areas of Practice:



Our Criminal Law Attorneys:

The Law Office of
Parnham & Associates

440 Louisiana St., Suite 200
(The Lyric Centre)
Houston, TX 77002
Phone: 713.224.3967
Fax: 713.224.2815

Criminal Appeals

In the unfortunate circumstance that you have been convicted of or placed on community supervision for a criminal offence, you may be entitled to challenge the outcome in a higher court. This is true in both Federal and State cases. It may be true even if you plead guilty or no-contest to criminal charges.

Appellate practice is a specialized area of Criminal Law, which has its own rules, procedures and deadlines. The application of these rules and deadlines requires strict compliance and failure to follow them properly and timely can result in the loss of your right to challenge your case forever. 
In both Texas and the Federal Criminal Courts, there are generally two separate and distinct tracks to challenge a conviction and/or sentence - Direct Appeal and Writ of Habeas Corpus.

Direct Appeal:

Direct Appeal is the most common and, generally speaking, the first step in the post-conviction process. It is governed by the Texas Rules of Appellate Procedure (TRAPS). Under State Law, a person must file written Notice of Appeal within 30 days from the date of judgment. Failure to do so will likely result in the loss of this important right forever. The process that follows may include but is not limited to the following:

  • Motion for New Trial.
  • Filing a Notice of Appeal.
  • Obtaining the clerks record and the court reporters transcript of the trial proceedings.
  • Writing and filing a brief outlining the facts of the case and the legal arguments and authorities in support of your argument.
  • Writing and filing a reply brief to the State's response to your appeal.
  • Oral arguments before the Court of Appeals.
  • Writing and filing a Motion for Rehearing or Rehearing en banc.
  • Writing and filing a Petition for Discretionary Review with the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals in Austin.
  • Oral arguments before the Court of Criminal Appeals.

Direct Appeal is a “record-based appeal”. This means that the appeal can only address matters which are contained in the clerks record and the court reporters transcript of your case. New facts and/or new evidence is excluded from consideration in this type of appeal.

Writ of Habeas Corpus:

A Writ of Habeas Corpus is a collateral attack on a criminal judgment. Unlike direct appeal, a post-conviction writ is not confined by the appellate record. An applicant can and should introduce new facts, evidence and legal arguments in challenging that person’s conviction or sentence. As with direct appeal, writs come with their own specialized set of rules and deadlines. These rules and deadlines are complicated and tedious and require an experienced appellate practitioner to successfully navigate the process. Writs of Habeas Corpus are as much an art as they are a legal and procedural exercise. They often involve the implementation of complex legal and factual strategies in order to achieve the desired result.

In a recent Texas case, Parnham and Associates have convinced a judge to vacate a first-degree felony conviction based on unfounded charges of sexual assault after petitioning for and acquiring a writ of habeas corpus in the case. 

If you have been accused of a crime, please contact us today for a free consultation with an aggressive and resourceful criminal defense attorney. We will work tirelessly to ensure the best possible outcome for your case.

  Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System

Video Library:

Parnham & Associates Legal Blog

NEW in the Blog:

Dee McWilliams examines the right of the accused to a public trial, which is guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution. He discusses its importance, historical applications and the reasons why a judge may consider closures.

The Sixth Amendment to the Constitution confers numerous rights on the citizens of the United States in regards to their defense in a criminal prosecution. One of the most important of these is found in what is referred to as the “Confrontation Clause”, that is, the defendant’s right to be confronted by the witnesses against them in a criminal prosecution.


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Martindale-Hubbell Peer Review Rated State Bar of Texas Houston Bar Association American Bar Association National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers Harris County Criminal Lawyers Association Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Association Fort Bend County Criminal Defense Lawyers Association Texas Board of Legal Specialization New York State Bar Association